Guam Central Area

出典: Wikipedia

Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States. Located in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five American territories with an established civilian government. The island's capital city is Hagåtña. Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands, and the largest island in Micronesia. Guam is amongst the seventeen Non-Self-Governing Territories of the United Nations. The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous people, first arrived on the island approximately 4,000 years ago. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovered the island on March 6, 1521. Guam was colonized in 1668 with settlers, like Diego Luis de San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. Between the 1500s and the 1700s, Guam was an important stopover for the Spanish Manila Galleons. During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898. Under the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded Guam to the United States on December 10, 1898. Before World War II, Guam and Hawaii were the only American territories in the Pacific Ocean. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Guam was captured by the Japanese, and was occupied for thirty months. During the occupation, Guamanians were subjected to culture alignment, forced labor, beheadings, rape, and torture. Guam endured hostilities when American forces recaptured the island on July 21, 1944; Liberation Day commemorates the victory. Since the 1960s, the economy is supported by two industries, tourism and the United States Armed Forces.



Guam Central Area


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